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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _____ to _____

 

Commission File Number 001-39825

 

GBS Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware   82-1512711

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

     

420 Lexington Ave, Suite 300, New York, NY

  10170
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (646) 828-8258

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class  

Trading

Symbol(s)

  Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share   GBS   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer     Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer     Smaller reporting company  
        Emerging growth company  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES ☐ NO

 

The number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding as of May 13, 2022, was 14,889,904.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

    Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited) 3
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) 4
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity 5
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 6
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 7
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 14
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 20
Item 4. Controls and Procedures. 20
     
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings. 22
Item 1A. Risk Factors. 22
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds. 22
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities. 22
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. 22
Item 5. Other Information. 22
Item 6. Exhibits. 22
Signatures 23

 

2

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

GBS Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

 

   March 31, 2022   June 30, 2021 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $10,756,089   $12,573,685 
Grant receivable, current portion   1,661,573    2,098,884 
Research and development tax incentive receivable   181,598    1,025,455 
Other current assets   266,163    2,509,017 
Total current assets   12,865,423    18,207,041 
Long-term grant receivable   1,186,838    3,148,328 
Capital work in progress   306,792    - 
Other non-current assets   -    504,000 
TOTAL ASSETS  $14,359,053   $21,859,369 
           
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $884,284   $1,467,968 
Related party payables   -    13,323 
Current portion of deferred grant income   3,376,628    2,098,884 
Current employee benefit liabilities   171,263    102,475 
Total current liabilities   4,432,175    3,682,650 
Employee benefit liabilities   36,549    21,770 
Long-term deferred grant income   1,186,838    3,148,328 
Total liabilities   5,655,562    6,852,748 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)   -     -  
           
Shareholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, 0 and 1,300,000 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively   -    13,000 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 14,889,904 and 13,582,122 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and June 30, 2021, respectively   148,899    135,821 
Additional paid-in capital   38,440,011    38,440,089 
Accumulated deficit   (29,097,699)   (22,869,803)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (718,594)   (661,260)
Total consolidated GBS Inc. equity   8,772,617    15,057,847 
Non-controlling interest   (69,126)   (51,226)
Total shareholders’ equity   8,703,491    15,006,621 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $14,359,053   $21,859,369 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

GBS Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

 

   2022   2021   2022   2021 
   Three Months Ended March 31,   Nine Months Ended March 31, 
   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Revenue:                    
Other income:                    
Government support income  $192,500   $34,290   $370,291   $372,754 
Total revenue   192,500    34,290    370,291    372,754 
                     
Operating expenses:                    
General and administrative   1,122,004    1,013,389    3,457,768    2,205,842 
Development and regulatory approval   413,325    2,156,316    3,161,306    2,529,074 
Prospectus and capital raising   -    5,100    -    358,674 
Total operating expenses   1,535,329    3,174,805    6,619,074    5,093,590 
Loss from operations   (1,342,829)   (3,140,515)   (6,248,783)   (4,720,836)
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Interest expense   (4,217)   (18,561)   (4,892)   (1,091,249)
Loss from unconsolidated equity method investment   -    -    -    (135,692)
Realized foreign exchange income (loss)   10    8,774    (3,094)   (270,333)
Interest income   2,903    7,635    10,973    8,139 
Total other income (expense)   (1,304)   (2,152)   2,987    (1,489,135)
Net loss   (1,344,133)   (3,142,667)   (6,245,796)   (6,209,971)
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest   (8,887)   (14,854)   (17,900)   (25,684)
Net loss attributable to GBS Inc.  $(1,335,246)  $(3,127,813)  $(6,227,896)  $(6,184,287)
                     
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:                    
Foreign currency translation loss  $2,793   $(262,032)  $(57,334)  $(278,744)
Total other comprehensive loss   2,793    (262,032)   (57,334)   (278,744)
Comprehensive loss   (1,341,340)   (3,404,699)   (6,303,130)   (6,488,715)
Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest   (8,887)   (14,854)   (17,900)   (25,684)
Comprehensive loss attributable to GBS Inc  $(1,332,453)  $(3,389,845)  $(6,285,230)  $(6,463,031)
                     
Net loss per share, basic and diluted  $(0.09)  $(0.27)  $(0.43)  $(0.64)
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   14,889,904    11,795,741    14,590,656    9,667,399 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

GBS Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

 

   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   capital  

deficit

  

loss

  

interest

   (deficit) 
   Preferred stock   Common stock   Additional paid in   Accumulated   Other
comprehensive
   Non-
controlling
   Total shareholders’
equity
 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   capital  

deficit

  

loss

  

interest

   (deficit) 
Balance, June 30, 2021   1,300,000   $13,000    13,582,122   $135,821   $38,440,089   $(22,869,803)  $(661,260)  $(51,226)  $15,006,621 
Series B warrants exercised to purchase common shares   -    -    400    4    (4)   -    -    -    - 
Conversion of convertible preferred shares into common shares   (1,300,000)   (13,000)   1,300,000    13,000    -    -    -    -    - 
Foreign currency translation loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    (67,482)   -    (67,482)
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (1,432,652)   -    (5,188)   (1,437,840)
Balance, September 30, 2021   -    -    14,882,522    148,825    38,440,085    (24,302,455)   (728,742)   (56,414)   13,501,299 
Foreign currency translation loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    7,355    -    7,355 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (3,459,998)   -    (3,825)   (3,463,823)
Balance, December 31, 2021   -    -    14,882,522    148,825    38,440,085    (27,762,453)   (721,387)   (60,239)   10,044,831 
Foreign currency translation loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    2,793    -    2,793 
Series B warrants exercised to purchase common shares   -    -    7,382    74    (74)   -    -    -    - 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (1,335,246)   -    (8,887)   (1,344,133)
Balance, March 31, 2022   -   $-    14,889,904   $148,899   $38,440,011   $(29,097,699)  $(718,594)  $(69,126)  $8,703,491 
                                              
Balance, June 30, 2020   2,370,891   $23,709    8,630,000   $86,300   $10,899,942   $(15,832,517)  $(363,951)  $(28,311)  $(5,214,828)
Issuance of convertible preferred shares   439,299    4,393    -    -    3,290,352    -    -    -    3,294,745 
Foreign currency translation loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    (50,568)   -    (50,568)
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (1,072,510)   -    (4,405)   (1,076,915)
Balance, September 30, 2020   2,810,190    28,102    8,630,000    86,300    14,190,294    (16,905,027)   (414,519)   (32,716)   (3,047,566)
Issuance of common stock at initial public offering   -    -    1,270,589    12,706    21,587,307    -    -    -    21,600,013 
Issuance cost of common stock at initial public offering   -    -    -    -    (3,867,565)   -    -    -    (3,867,565)
Cancellation of common stock in exchange for preferred shares   3,000,000    30,000    (3,000,000)   (30,000)   -    -    -    -    - 
Conversion of convertible notes into common stock at initial public offering   -    -    710,548    7,105    5,126,601    -    -    -    5,133,706 
Conversion of convertible preferred shares into common stock at initial public offering   (2,810,190)   (28,102)   2,810,190    28,102    -    -    -    -    - 
Beneficial conversion feature   -    -    -    -    905,948    -    -    -    905,948 
Series A warrants exercised to purchase common shares   -    -    1,200    12    10,188    -    -    -    10,200 
Series A and B warrants acquired   -    -    -    -    3,812    -    -    -    3,812 
Foreign currency translation loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    33,856    -    33,856 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (1,983,964)   -    (6,425)   (1,990,389)
Balance, December 31, 2020   3,000,000    30,000    10,422,527    104,225    37,956,585    (18,888,991)   (380,663)   (39,141)   18,782,015 
Series A warrants exercised to purchase common shares   -    -    58,600    586    497,514    -    -    -    498,100 
Series B warrants exercised to purchase common shares   -    -    1,400,195    14,002    (14,002)   -    -    -    - 
Foreign currency translation loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    (262,032)   -    (262,032)
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (3,127,813)   -    (14,854)   (3,142,667)
Balance, March 31, 2021   3,000,000   $30,000    11,881,322   $118,813   $38,440,097   $(22,016,804)  $(642,695)  $(53,995)  $15,875,416 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

GBS Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

   2022   2021 
   Nine Months Ended March 31, 
   2022   2021 
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net loss  $(6,245,796)  $(6,209,971)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Non-cash loss on foreign currency translation, net   3,094    (270,333)
Loss on investment in affiliate   -    135,692 
Contingent beneficial conversion feature on convertible notes   -    905,948 
Non-cash research and development charge   2,600,000    - 
Non cash refund of R&D expenditure claims   (177,035)   - 
Non-cash other operating activities   (121,254)   - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Grant receivable   1,828,891    - 
Research and development tax incentive receivable   843,857    - 
Other current assets   146,854    (2,275,327)
Other non-current assets   -    (866,667)
Accounts and other payables   (514,896)   680,922 
Accounts payable - related party   (13,323)   (1,732,058)
Other long-term liabilities   14,779    18,128 
Net cash used in operating activities   (1,634,829)   (9,613,666)
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Amount invested on capital work in progress   (177,208)   - 
Net cash used in investing activities   (177,208)   - 
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Proceeds from issuance of warrants   -    3,812 
Proceeds from warrant holders for common shares   -    508,300 
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock   -    3,294,745 
Proceeds from initial public offering   -    21,600,013 
Payment of equity issuance costs   -    (2,003,952)
Net cash provided by financing activities   -    23,402,918 
           
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents   (5,559)   45,097 
           
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (1,817,596)   13,834,349 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   12,573,685    427,273 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $10,756,089   $14,261,622 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities          
Reclassification of deferred charges to additional paid in capital upon completion of initial public offering  $-   $1,863,613 
Conversion of notes to common shares at initial public offering   -    5,133,706 
Conversion of preferred shares into common shares   13,000    28,102 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:          
Cash paid for interest  $-   $185,301 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

GBS Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1. ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS

 

GBS Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, GBS Operations Inc. formed on December 5, 2016 under the laws of the state of Delaware. Glucose Biosensor Systems (Greater China) Pty Ltd (“GBSPL”) was formed on August 4, 2016 under the laws of New South Wales, Australia and was renamed to GBS (APAC) Pty Ltd on October 14, 2020. Glucose Biosensor Systems (Japan) Pty Ltd and Glucose Biosensor Systems (APAC) Pty Ltd were formed under the laws of New South Wales, Australia on February 22, 2017 and February 23, 2017 respectively. These companies (collectively, “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company,”) were formed to provide a non-invasive, pain free innovation to make it easier for people to manage diabetes using the Company’s Saliva Glucose Biosensor (“SGB” and, together with the software app that interfaces the SGB with the Company’s digital information system, the “SGT”). Our headquarters are located in New York.

 

We are a biosensor diagnostic technology company operating across the Asia-Pacific Region (the “APAC Region”) and an interest in the USA Region with the biosensor platform comprising of biochemistry, immunology, tumor markers, hormones, and nucleic acid diagnostic modalities, and worldwide with our SARS-CoV-2 test.

 

Our objective is to introduce and launch initially the SGB, the diagnostic test that stems from the Biosensor Platform that we license from Life Science Biosensor Diagnostics Pty Ltd (“LSBD” or the “Licensor”), in our regions and the SARS-CoV-2 test globally. This will be followed by developing the platform to its full capacity testing across the diagnostic modalities of immunology, hormones, chemistry, tumor markers and nucleic acid tests.

 

NOTE 2. LIQUIDITY

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 205-40, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern requires management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date of filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the SEC. In each reporting period, including interim periods, an entity is required to assess conditions known and reasonably knowable as of the financial statement issuance date to determine whether it is probable an entity will not meet its financial obligations within one year from the financial statement issuance date. Substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern exists when conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, indicate it is probable the entity will be unable to meet its financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date the financial statements are issued.

 

The Company is an emerging growth company and has not generated any revenues to date. As such, the Company is subject to all of the risks associated with emerging growth companies. Since inception, the Company has incurred losses and negative cash flows from operating activities. The Company does not expect to generate positive cash flows from operating activities in the near future until such time, if at all, the Company completes the development process of its products, including regulatory approvals, and thereafter, begins to commercialize and achieve substantial acceptance in the marketplace for the first of a series of products in its medical device portfolio.

 

The Company incurred a net loss of $1,344,133 and $6,245,796 for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022, respectively (net loss of $3,142,667 and $6,209,971 for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021, respectively). As of March 31, 2022, the Company has shareholders’ equity of $8,703,491, working capital of $8,443,248, and an accumulated deficit of $29,097,699.

 

In the near future, the Company anticipates incurring operating losses and does not expect to experience positive cash flows from operating activities and may continue to incur operating losses until it completes the development of its products and seeks regulatory approvals to market such products.

 

The Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company believes it has sufficient working capital to finance its operations for at least the next twelve months, as such, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared on the going concern basis.

 

7

 

 

NOTE 3. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of presentation

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods, in the opinion of the Company’s management, have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending June 30, 2022. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related footnote disclosures should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2021, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on September 16, 2021 and amended on Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on September 30, 2021 (as amended, the “2021 Form 10-K”).

 

Principles of consolidation

 

These accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, all wholly owned and majority-owned subsidiaries in which the Company has a controlling voting interest and, when applicable, variable interest entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest or is the primary beneficiary. Investments in affiliates where the Company does not exert a controlling financial interest are not consolidated.

 

All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

 

Revenue recognition

 

Revenue from contracts with customers is recognized when, or as, the Company satisfies its performance obligations by delivering the promised goods or service deliverables to the customers. A good or service deliverable is transferred to a customer when, or as, the customer obtains control of that good or service deliverable.

 

Development and regulatory approval costs

 

Expenditures relating to R&D are expensed as incurred and recorded in development and regulatory approval in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Loss. R&D expenses include external expenses incurred under arrangements with third parties; salaries and personnel-related costs; license fees to acquire in-process technology and other expenses. The Company recognizes the benefit of refundable R&D tax refunds as a R&D tax refund income when there is reasonable assurance that the amount claimed will be recovered (refer to the R&D tax refund discussion below).

 

Intellectual property acquired for a particular research and development project and that have no alternative future uses (in other research and development projects or otherwise) are expensed in research and development costs at the time the costs are incurred.

 

8

 

 

In certain circumstances, the Company may be required to make advance payments to vendors for goods or services that will be received in the future for use in R&D activities. In such circumstances, the non-refundable advance payments are deferred and capitalized, even when there is no alternative future use for the R&D, until the related goods or services are provided. In circumstances where amounts have been paid in excess of costs incurred, the Company records a prepaid expense.

 

R&D tax refund

 

The Company measures the R&D grant income and receivable by considering the time spent by employees on eligible R&D activities and R&D costs incurred to external service providers. The R&D tax refund receivable is recognized as an income as the Company believes that it probable that the amount will be recovered in full through a future claim. A total of $181,598 R&D tax refund income is recognized within other income during the current period.

 

Foreign currency translation

 

Assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries are translated from local (functional) currency to reporting currency (U.S. dollar) at the rate of exchange in effect on the consolidated balance sheets date; income and expenses are translated at the average rate of exchange prevailing during the year. The functional currency of GBS Inc. is the United States dollar. Foreign currency movements resulted in a gain of $2,793 and a loss of $57,334 for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022, respectively (a loss of $262,032 and a loss of $278,744 for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2021, respectively).

 

Income taxes

 

In accordance with the provisions of ASC 740, Income Taxes, tax positions initially need to be recognized in the consolidated financial statements when it is more likely than not that the positions will be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. It also provides guidance for de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition.

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had no uncertain tax positions that qualified for either recognition or disclosure in the consolidated financial statements. Additionally, the Company had no interest and penalties related to income taxes.

 

Licensing rights

 

During the first quarter of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, the Company purchased the license right procurement assets from LSBD for an amount of $976,308 in relation to the development and approval process for the Glucose Biosensor Technology. The Company recorded the license at the historical carrying value in the books of LSBD which was $nil and recorded the amount paid as a deemed dividend. The Company has agreed to pay royalties of sales & milestones payments as defined.

 

On September 12, 2019, the Company entered into an amended and restated license agreement for Saliva Biosensor Technology. On June 23, 2020, the Company entered into a license agreement with LSBD for the worldwide rights to SARS-CoV-2 application of the Saliva Glucose Biosensor.

 

In relation to these licenses, there is no set expiration date for the license. However, the exclusivity of the license granted under the license agreement runs until the expiration of the patent portfolio covered by the agreement which is currently until 2033. No royalties have been incurred through to March 31, 2022 (March 31, 2021: $nil).

 

On March 31, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement with LSBD to provide the Company an option to acquire an exclusive license to use LSBD’s intellectual property in the Saliva Glucose Biosensor in North America (the “Option Agreement”). The Option Agreement has a term of two years and the exercise price for the option is $5,000,000. The fee of $500,000 incurred for the option was expensed in the period incurred.

 

9

 

 

Deferred grant income

 

On June 30, 2021, the Company executed a definitive grant agreement with the Australian Government to assist with building a manufacturing facility. The grant has a total value of up to $4.7 million upon the achievement of certain milestones. Proceeds from the grant will be used primarily to reimburse the Company for costs incurred in the construction of the manufacturing facility.

 

Accounting for the grant does not fall under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as the Australian Government will not benefit directly from our manufacturing facility. As there is no authoritative guidance under U.S. GAAP on accounting for grants to for-profit business entities, we applied International Accounting Standards 20 (“IAS 20”), Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance by analogy when accounting for the Australian Government grant to the Company.

 

The Australian Government grant proceeds, which will be used to reimburse construction costs incurred, meet the definition of grants related to assets as the primary purpose for the payments is to fund the construction of a capital asset. Under IAS 20, government grants related to assets are presented in the statement of financial position either by setting up the grant as deferred income or by deducting the grant in arriving at the carrying amount of the asset. Either of these two methods of presentation of grants related to assets in financial statements are regarded as acceptable alternatives under IAS 20. We have elected to record the grants received as deferred income using the first method.

 

Under IAS 20, government grants are initially recognized when there is reasonable assurance the conditions of the grant will be met and the grant will be received. As of June 30, 2021, management concluded that there was reasonable assurance the grant conditions will be met and all milestone payment received. The total grant value of $4.7 million was recognized as both a grant receivable and deferred grant income on the grant effective date. The grant receivable was reduced by $1.9 million for payments received during the nine months ended March 31, 2022 (no payments were received during the three months ended March 31, 2022) and $2.8 million remains in grant receivable on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

After initial recognition, under IAS 20, government grants are recognized in earnings on a systematic basis in a manner that mirrors the manner in which the Company recognizes the underlying costs for which the grant is intended to compensate. Further, IAS 20 permits for recognition in earnings either separately under a general heading such as other income, or as a reduction of the cost of the asset. The Company has elected to recognize government grant income separately within other income. Accordingly, the deferred income related to the construction of the manufacturing facility will be amortized over the period of depreciation for the related factory as other income. A total of $179,264 deferred grant income was recognized within other income during the current period.

 

Net loss per share attributable to common shareholders (“EPS”)

 

The Company calculates earnings per share attributable to common shareholders in accordance with ASC 260, Earning Per Share. Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to common shareholders is calculated by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders by weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period plus potentially dilutive common shares, such as share warrants.

 

Potentially dilutive common shares shall be calculated in accordance with the treasury share method, which assumes that proceeds from the exercise of all warrants are used to repurchase common share at market value. The number of shares remaining after the proceeds are exhausted represents the potentially dilutive effect of the securities.

 

As the Company has incurred net losses in all periods, certain potentially dilutive securities, including convertible preferred stock, warrants to acquire common stock, and convertible notes payable have been excluded in the computation of diluted loss per share as the effects are antidilutive.

 

10

 

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

As the Company is an emerging growth company, we have elected to defer the adoption of new accounting pronouncements until they would apply to private companies.

 

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (“ASU 2020-06”). This update simplifies the guidance on the issuer’s accounting for convertible debt instruments by removing the separation models for (1) convertible debt with a cash conversion feature and (2) convertible instruments with a beneficial conversion feature. As a result, entities will not separately present in equity an embedded conversion feature in such debt and will account for a convertible debt instrument wholly as debt, unless certain other conditions are met. The elimination of these models will reduce reported interest expense and increase reported net income for entities that have issued a convertible instrument that is within the scope of ASU 2020-06. Also, ASU 2020-06 requires the application of the if-converted method for calculating diluted earnings per share and treasury stock method will be no longer available. ASU 2020-06 is applicable for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company has not early adopted and continues to evaluate the impact of the provisions of ASU 2020-06.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”). This update requires all leases with a term greater than 12 months to be recognized on the balance sheet through a right-of-use asset and a lease liability and the disclosure of key information pertaining to leasing arrangements. This new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim period within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 as amended by ASU 2020-05 with early adoption permitted. The Company has not early adopted the standard and continues to evaluate the impact.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). This update is intended to simplify various aspects of the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 as of July 1, 2021 and the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 (Topic 326), Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (“ASU 2016-13”). This update (i) significantly changes the impairment model for most financial assets that are measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments from an incurred loss model to an expected loss model which will be based on an estimate of current expected credit loss (“CECL”) (ASC 326-20); and (ii) provides for recording credit losses on available-for-sale (“AFS”) debt securities through an allowance account (ASC 326-30). The standard also requires certain incremental disclosures. Subsequently, the FASB issued several ASUs to clarify, improve, or defer the adoption of ASU 2016-13. ASU 2016-13, as amended by ASU 2019-10, is applicable for Smaller Reporting Companies (“SRCs”) for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company has not early adopted the standard and continues to evaluate the impact.

 

NOTE 4. OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other current assets consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2022   June 30, 2021 
Goods and services tax receivable  $   $83,278 
Prepayments   147,378    2,424,143 
Other receivables   118,785    1,596 
Total  $266,163   $2,509,017 

 

11

 

 

As of the year ended June 30, 2021, the Company made $2,600,000 in prepayments for research and development. Of the total prepayments, $504,000 was recorded as a non-current asset based on the expected outflow of the budgeted research and development costs. Under the terms of the R&D agreement with BiosensX North America Inc., dated April 20, 2021, in which LSBD also committed to fund $2,600,000 as a direct 50% shareholder in BiosensX North America Inc., the Company would have the right to apply any differences in contributions between LSBD and the Company towards any amounts owing between the Company and LSBD, including the exercise price of the option ($5,000,000) as included in the Option Agreement dated March 31, 2021 with LSBD (see Note 3).

 

During the nine months ended March 31, 2022, the Company assessed the current status of the R&D activities and determined that the most likely outcome of the prepaid R&D contribution would be to be application against the exercise price in the Option Agreement and/or future royalty payments due for the Glucose Biosensor intellectual property. As this payment for the license of the Glucose Biosensor intellectual property occurred prior to regulatory approval and there is no alternative future use, the prepayment of $2,600,000 has been expensed as development and regulatory approval costs in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Loss during the nine months period ended March 31, 2022.

 

NOTE 5. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2022   June 30, 2021 
Accounts payable and other payables  $811,391   $1,355,894 
Accruals   72,893    112,074 
Total  $884,284   $1,467,968 

 

NOTE 6. SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

As of March 31, 2022, 1,401,377 and 52,400 Series A and Series B warrants were held by certain shareholders, respectively. Each warrant is convertible into 1 share of the Company’s common stock.

 

On January 1, 2022 and September 9, 2021, the Company issued 7,382 & 400 shares respectively of common stock as a result of Series B warrants that were exercised in cashless exercise provision offered during the Dec 2020 IPO and converted into common stock.

 

On August 31, 2021, all 1,300,000 Series B Convertible Preferred Stock was converted into common stock. Each share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock was converted into 1 share of the Company’s common stock.

 

NOTE 7. RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Sales to and purchases from related parties are made at normal market prices and on normal commercial terms. The following transactions occurred with LSBD during the period July 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022.

 

The Company incurred a total cost of $nil and $145,733 during the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022, respectively (three and nine months ended March 31, 2021: $nil), towards overhead cost reimbursement which includes salaries, rents and other related overheads directly attributable to the Company which are included in general and administration expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Loss.

 

NOTE 8. INVESTMENT IN AFFILIATE

 

On May 29, 2020, LSBD, issued 14,000,000 common shares of BiosensX (North America) Inc. to the Company at par value of $0.001 per share. This transaction provided the Company with a 50% interest in BiosensX (North America) Inc., the holder of the technology license for the North America region.

 

The investment in BiosensX (North America) Inc. is accounted for by use of the equity method in accordance with ASC 323, Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures.

 

At the date of this transaction, LSBD was the parent of both the Company and BiosensX (North America) Inc., the transfer of BiosensX shares to the Company was deemed to be a common control transaction. As a result of the share transfer, the Company has significant influence over BiosensX (North America) Inc.

 

During the quarter, LSBD sold all its shares in GBS Inc., as a result of this as of March 31, 2022, both LSBD and GBS Inc. held 50% ownership in BiosensX (North America) Inc. GBS Inc. determined whether it has a controlling financial interest in Biosensx (North America) Inc. by first evaluating whether the entity is a voting interest entity or a variable interest entity under GAAP. Voting interest entities are entities in which the total equity investment at risk is sufficient to enable the entity to finance itself independently and provides the equity holders with the obligation to absorb losses, the right to receive residual returns and the right to make decisions about the entity’s activities. The Company consolidates voting interest entities (VIEs) in which it has all, or at least a majority of, the voting interest. As defined in applicable accounting standards, VIEs are entities that lack one or more of the characteristics of a voting interest entity. A controlling financial interest in a VIE is present when an enterprise has both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and an obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The enterprise with a controlling financial interest, known as the primary beneficiary, consolidates the VIE. The management concluded that GBS Inc. does not have a controlling financial interest in BiosensX (North America) Inc., hence it continues to recognize its investments in BiosensX (North America) Inc. using the equity method.

 

12

 

 

The following table summarizes the amount recorded in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements:

 

   March 31, 2022   June 30, 2021 
Investment value  $   $135,692 
Loss from the affiliate       (135,692)
Carrying amount  $      $ 

 

NOTE 9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

On January 21, 2021, the Company entered into a sponsored research agreement with Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health to accelerate the development of next-generation saliva-based diagnostic tests. The Company is collaborating with the Bloomberg School of Public Health to optimize the collection of saliva and monitoring of diverse biomarkers across a number of modalities including clinical chemistry and infectious diseases. Johns Hopkins intend to utilize biosensor products to conduct in-field epidemiological studies. The Company agreed to pay Johns Hopkins a total amount of $423,589 as a part of this sponsored research agreement of which $ 13,175 remains payable as of March 31, 2022.

 

During February 2021 the Company signed a deed of confirmation and variation with the University of Newcastle for the research and development of the Saliva Glucose Biosensor and the SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Biosensor. The Company agreed to pay the University of Newcastle $2,054,880 of which $499,560 remains payable as of March 31, 2022.

 

The Company has no material future minimum lease commitments or purchase commitments.

 

From time to time, the Company may become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Based on information currently available, the Company is not involved in any pending or threatened legal proceedings that it believes could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. However, legal matters are inherently uncertain, and the Company cannot guarantee that the outcome of any potential legal matter will be favorable to the Company.

 

NOTE 10. INCOME TAX

 

The Company shall file its income tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service and Australian Taxation Office. The Company has operating losses carried forward of $29,097,699 which are derived from its operations in Australia and the US and are available to reduce future taxable income. Such loss carry forwards may be carried forward indefinitely, subject to compliance with tests of continuity and additional rules.

 

The net operating loss carried forward gives rise to a deferred tax asset of approximately $7,507,983. However, the Company has determined that a valuation allowance of $7,507,983 against such deferred tax asset is necessary, as it cannot be determined that the carry forwards will be utilized.

 

NOTE 11. LOSS PER SHARE

 

Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss allocable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock or common stock equivalents outstanding. Diluted loss per common share is computed similar to basic loss per common share except that it reflects the potential dilution that could occur if dilutive securities or other obligations to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.

 

   2022   2021   2022   2021 
  

Three Months Ended

March 31,

  

Nine Months Ended

March 31,

 
   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Net loss attributable to GBS Inc.  $(1,335,246)  $(3,127,813)  $(6,227,896)  $(6,184,287)
Basic and diluted net loss per share attributed to common shareholders  $(0.09)  $(0.27)  $(0.43)  $(0.64)
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding   14,889,904    11,795,741    14,590,656    9,667,399 

 

The following outstanding warrants and preferred shares were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the periods presented because their effect would have been anti-dilutive:

 

   2022   2021   2022   2021 
  

Three Months Ended

March 31,

  

Nine Months Ended

March 31,

 
   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Warrants - Series A   1,401,377    1,401,377    1,401,377    1,401,377 
Warrants - Series B   52,400    60,982    52,400    60,982 
Warrants issued to underwriters   63,529    63,529    63,529    63,529 
Pre IPO warrants   2,736,675    2,736,675    2,736,675    2,736,675 
Warrants issued to LSBD   3,000,000    3,000,000    3,000,000    3,000,000 
Preferred stock - Series B   -    3,000,000    -    3,000,000 

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our audited historical consolidated financial statements, which are included in the 2021 Form 10-K and our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022 included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains statements that are forward-looking. These statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors. Actual results could differ materially because of the factors discussed below or elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. See Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of the 2021 Form 10-K.

 

Forward-Looking Information

 

All statements other than statements of historical fact or relating to present facts or current conditions included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. In addition, any statements that refer to projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are forward-looking statements. These statements may include words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “plan,” “intend,” “believe,” “may,” “should,” “can have,” “likely” and the negative of such words and other words and terms of similar meaning, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on us. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in “Item 1A — Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our 2021 Form 10-K. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.

 

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we are under no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or to conform these statements to actual results or revised expectations.

 

Overview

 

We are a company with a mission to commercialize our unique Biosensor Platform technology and put the power of non-invasive, real-time diagnostic testing in the hands of patients and their primary health practitioners at point of care.

 

LSBD, an Australian company that owns the worldwide intellectual property rights to the biosensor platform acquired from University of Newcastle, Australia has licensed to us that technology to introduce and launch the platform in the APAC Region, the world license for the SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Sensor, and furthermore we own 50% of BiosensX (North America) Inc which has the North American license to the biosensor platform. We were incorporated under the laws of Delaware on December 5, 2016. Our headquarter is in New York.

 

Our initial priority is to develop & launch two urgently needed non-invasive real time diagnostic tests:

 

a.the Saliva Glucose Biosensor, and
b.the SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Biosensor

 

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Saliva Glucose Test

 

The Saliva Glucose Biosensor (“SGB”), together with the software app that interfaces the SGB with the Company’s Digital Information System (“SGT”), the SGT aims to provide a non-invasive and pain free way to make it easier for people to manage diabetes.

 

  Managing Diabetes

 

Our innovative technology will aim to free people living with diabetes from having to use painful and invasive blook monitoring devices to manage their condition, giving them a better quality of life.

 

  Printable

 

The SGB is being developed as a small, printable organic strip designed to put the power of accurate, timely diagnosis in the hands of patients and their primary health practitioners. SGB is manufactured using modified reel-to-reel printing technology which allows mass volume printing at a low cost.

 

  Clinical Development Plan

 

  In December, GBS announced that its licensor, Life Science Biosensor Diagnostics (LSBD), has filed an application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Breakthrough Device Designation. Based on feedback from the FDA to LSBD further data generation would be advisable in order to advance this submission. The team is working towards this goal.
  The team has submitted the correlation clinical trial protocol for IRB approval to the Mills-Peninsula Medical Center (MPMC) in California (which will be responsible for executing this initial clinical trial enrolling 40 subjects). The objectives will be:

 

  Explore the relationship between salivary glucose and plasma glucose as well as the time course between the two testing modalities using Glucose Tolerance Testing in 40 subjects.
  Generation of time course date from these studies to determine salivary glucose characteristics.

 

It is anticipated that the first stage of this Clinical Plan to be completed by July 2022.

 

  Key Development and Manufacturing Advancements

 

  Sourcing for required equipment has commenced. This sourcing has the dual purpose of immediately utilizing the equipment in the interests of efficiency to progress development of the biosensor and at the same time commission this equipment in preparation for the facility. The initial batch of the equipment has been ordered and is expected to be finalized in June 2022.
  Discussions are underway between the University of Newcastle and GBS Inc for the location, buildout, and commissioning of the new high-tech manufacturing facility.
  In response to the Australian’s government’s announcement of the Medical Research Commercialization Initiative, GBS is in the process of evaluating and preparing expressions of interests towards further Australian Government funding, as we believe that GBS firmly fits into the objectives of this initiative. The initiative will focus on Early-Stage Translation and Commercialization Support, which funds support for early stage medical research and medical innovation projects with commercial potential. The Medical Research Future Fund will have available in total approximately $225 million (USD) of project funding over the next 10 years for companies that meets the criteria.

 

  Quality Assurance and Regulatory Affairs

 

  Strategic regulatory affairs plan is underway to address the Asian Pacific (APAC) region requirements.
  Implementation of new Quality Assurance (QA) system underway.
  Audit of key suppliers in progress.

 

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COVID Test

 

In relation to the potential application of the biosensor towards validating a rapid point-of-care diagnostic test intended to qualify the measurement of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, we anticipate there to be 3 potential applications for the foreseeable future of population Screening SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing needed to estimate the incidence and prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection at the general population level.

 

  i. Post vaccination screening - To assess the degree of the elicited potent antigen-specific antibody responses, to SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and determine when booster vaccine shots are needed.
  ii. Diagnosis – The SARS-CoV-2 test can be used as a complement to the (RNA) virus detection tests for patients presenting late after symptoms onset to healthcare facilities.
  iii. In addition, they can potentially be used for informing the decision on discharge of patients who recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection but remain RNA-positive by RT-PCR for a long time after symptoms have subsided. The degree of protective immunity conferred by or correlated with the antibodies detected in subjects with past SARS-CoV-2 infection is still under investigation. Once this is clarified, the SARS-CoV-2 antibody tests could be, together with the (RNA) direct virus detection, an essential tool in de-escalation strategies. Currently antibody tests are used for sero-epidemiological surveys and studies.

 

Competitive Advantages

 

Based on a recent paper publicly available and authored by the team at Johns Hopkins Department of Environmental Health and Engineering, Bloomberg School of Public Health, results indicate it is feasible to accurately measure the salivary IgG response to identify individuals with a prior SARS-CoV-2 infection. A saliva-based approach could serve as a non-invasive approach for accurate and large-scale SARS-CoV-2 “sero”-surveillance.

 

By utilizing the Saliva Glucose Test for detecting SARS-CoV-2 we expect to have lower detection limits, improve on sensitivity and specificity characteristics of current diagnostic methods, be able to provide real time results at the point of care and provide quantitative results correlated to the WHO standards as opposed to negative or positive which is how other POCT report the results.

 

Our COVID Test would increase the scope for diagnosis to be made in the community and outside the laboratory setting. It would have the potential to reduce the time to obtaining an actionable result, it could inform on when people need to get booster vaccine shots and inform appropriate use of isolation resources.

 

Our Company has not generated any revenues to date. As such, the Company is subject to all of the risks associated with emerging growth companies. Since inception, the Company has incurred losses and negative cash flows from operating activities. The Company does not expect to generate positive cash flows from operating activities in the near future until such time, if at all, the Company completes the development process of its products, including regulatory approvals, and thereafter, begins to commercialize and achieve substantial acceptance in the marketplace for the first of a series of products in its medical device portfolio.

 

Initial public offering

 

On December 28, 2020, the Company closed its initial public offering (“IPO”) and sold 1,270,589 units, consisting of (a) one share of the Company’s common stock (or, at the purchaser’s election, one share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock), (b) one Series A warrant (the “Series A Warrants”) to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $8.50 per share, exercisable until the fifth anniversary of the issuance date, and (c) one Series B warrant (the “Series B Warrants”) to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $17.00 per share, exercisable until the fifth anniversary of the issuance date and subject to certain adjustment and cashless exercise provisions. The public offering price of the shares sold in the IPO was $17.00 per unit. In aggregate, the units issued in the offering generated $17,732,448 in net proceeds, which amount is net of $1,714,001 in underwriters’ discount and commissions, and $2,153,564 in offering costs. Offering costs include underwriters’ warrants to acquire up to 63,529 shares with an exercise price of $18.70 per share, exercisable until the fifth anniversary of the issuance date. The Company also issued to the underwriter an option, exercisable one or more times in whole or in part, to purchase up to 190,588 additional shares of common stock and/or Series A Warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 190,588 shares of common stock and/or Series B Warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 190,588 shares of common stock, in any combinations thereof, from us at the public offering price per security, less the underwriting discounts and commissions, for 45 days after the date of the IPO to cover over-allotments, if any (the “Over-Allotment Option”).

 

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Upon the closing of the IPO, all shares of preferred stock then outstanding were automatically converted into 2,810,190 shares of common stock, and all convertible notes then outstanding were automatically converted into 710,548 shares of common stock.

 

Certain pre-IPO preferred shareholders were issued warrants that, following the Company’s completed IPO, allow the holders to acquire 2,736,675 shares of common stock at the IPO price during year two through to year three following the completion of the IPO.

 

Results of Operations:

 

Comparison of the Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

 

Revenue

 

Government support income

 

Government support income increased by $158,210 to $192,500 from $34,290 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to same period in 2021. This increase was primarily attributable to GBS Inc.’s subsidiary companies recognizing R&D tax refund as the company believes that it is probable that the certain amount will be recovered in full through a future claim (see note 3 on R&D tax refund).

 

Government support income decreased by $2,463 to $370,291 from $372,754 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to same period in 2021. This decrease was primarily attributable to GBS Inc.’s subsidiary companies receiving COVID-19 related government support in the previous financial year which was discontinued in April 2021 offset by the unwinding of deferred income as government support income during the nine months ended March 21, 2022

 

Operating expenses

 

General and administrative expenses

 

General and administrative expenses increased by $108,615 to $1,122,004 from $1,013,389 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This increase was primarily driven by an increase in operational activities following completion of the IPO in December 2020.

 

General and administrative expenses increased by $1,251,926 to $3,457,768 from $2,205,842 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This increase was primarily driven by an increase in operational activities following completion of the IPO in December 2020.

 

As the Company’s operating activities increase, we expect its general and administrative costs will include additional costs in overhead contribution, consultancy, as well as an increase in employee related costs associated with a higher headcount.

 

Development and regulatory approval expenses

 

Development and regulatory approval expenses decreased by $1,742,991 to $413,325 from $2,156,316 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease is primarily driven by delay in the timing of receipt of invoices from University of Newcastle.

 

Development and regulatory approval expenses increased by $632,232 to $3,161,306 from $2,529,074 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This increase is primarily driven by funding availability since completion of the IPO in December 2020 that has allowed the Company to progress on its milestones as well as expensing of the prepaid R&D contribution of $2,600,000.

 

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As the Company’s operating activities increase, we expect its development and regulatory expenses to increase in future periods.

 

Prospectus and capital raising expenses

 

Prospectus and capital raising expenses decreased by $5,100 to zero from $5,100 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was attributable to final expenditures required by us in the first half of the last financial year to successfully complete our IPO in December 2020.

 

Prospectus and capital raising expenses decreased by $358,674 to zero from $358,674 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was attributable to final expenditures required by us in the first half of the last financial year to successfully complete our IPO in December 2020.

 

Other income and expenses

 

Interest expense

 

Interest expense decreased by $14,344 to $4,217 from $18,561 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was attributable to the conversion of convertible notes into common shares after the completion of the IPO in December 2020.

 

Interest expense decreased by $1,086,357 to $4,892 from $1,091,249 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was attributable to the conversion of convertible notes into common shares after the completion of the IPO in December 2020.

 

Realized foreign exchange gain (loss)

 

Realized foreign exchange gain decreased by $8,764 to a gain of $10 from a gain of $8,774 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was largely attributable to the favorable foreign exchange translations on capital raisings from AUD to USD during the same period in 2021.

 

Realized foreign exchange loss decreased by $267,239 to a loss of $3,094 from a loss of $270,333 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease was largely attributable to the unfavorable foreign exchange translations on capital raisings from AUD to USD during the same period in 2021.

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

There was no income tax expense for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and the Company has established a full valuation allowance for all of its deferred tax assets.

 

Other comprehensive loss

 

Foreign currency translation loss

 

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss decreased by $264,825 to a $2,793 gain from a $262,032 loss for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021. It is calculated based on the Company’s unsettled transactions in currencies other than its functional currency.

 

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss decreased by $221,410 to a loss of $57,334 from a loss of $278,744 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021. It is calculated based on the Company’s unsettled transactions in currencies other than its functional currency.

 

Net loss

 

Net loss decreased by $1,792,567 to $1,335,246 from $3,127,813 for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This decrease is primarily driven by higher expenditure incurred on research and development activities in the same period in 2021.

 

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Net loss increased by $43,609 to $6,227,896 from $6,184,287 for the nine months ended March 31, 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. This increase is primarily driven by the expansion of the Company’s operational activities in order to progress on its regulatory and development milestones.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We use working capital and cash measures to evaluate the performance of our operations and our ability to meet our financial obligations. We define Working Capital as current assets less current liabilities. The calculation of Working Capital provides additional information and is not defined as a measure of financial performance under GAAP. This measure should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for any standardized measure under GAAP. This information is intended to provide investors with information about our liquidity. Other companies in our industry may calculate this measure differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

 

Since our inception, our operations have primarily been financed through the issuance of our common stock, convertible preferred stock and the incurrence of debt. As of March 31, 2022, we had $10,756,089 in cash and cash equivalents and $8,433,248 in working capital.

 

According to our management’s estimates, based on our budget and proposed schedules of development, approvals and organization, we believe, although there can be no assurances, we will have sufficient capital resources to enable us to continue to implement our business plan and remain in operation for at least up to the first half of 2023. During this time, we expect to use the net proceeds available to us for the following purposes:

 

  to obtain regulatory approvals and establish manufacturing capacities necessary for marketing of the SGT;
  to market the SGT and establish a distribution network in the APAC Region; and
  for working capital and general corporate purposes.

 

We do not anticipate generating any revenue in the near future, until such time, if at all, the Company completes the development process of its products, including regulatory approvals, and thereafter, begins to commercialize and achieve substantial acceptance in the marketplace for the first of a series of products in its medical device portfolio. In addition, available resources may be consumed more rapidly than currently anticipated, and there can be no assurance that we will be successful in developing the SGT and generating sufficient revenue in the timeframe set forth above, or at all. We may be unable to meet our targets for regulatory approval and market launch, or we may be unable to generate anticipated amounts of revenue from sales of the system. We may also need additional funding for developing new products and services and for additional sales, marketing and promotional activities. Should this occur, we may need to seek additional capital earlier than anticipated.

 

In the event we require additional capital, there can be no assurances that we will be able to raise such capital on acceptable terms, or at all. Failure to generate sufficient revenues or raise additional capital through debt or equity financings, or through collaboration agreements, strategic alliances or marketing and distribution arrangements, could have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our long-term liquidity needs and achieve our intended long-term business plan. Our failure to obtain such funding when needed could create a negative impact on our stock price or could potentially lead to a reduction in our operations or the failure of our company.

 

See “Initial public offering” above for details about our IPO.

 

Extended Transition Period for “Emerging Growth Companies”

 

We have elected to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act. This election allows us to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As a result of this election, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates. Because our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates, investors may have difficulty evaluating or comparing our business, performance or prospects in comparison to other public companies, which may have a negative impact on the value and liquidity of our common stock.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of March 31, 2022, we do not have any off-balance-sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a material current or future effect on our results of operations or financial condition, revenues, expenses, results of operations, liquidity, cash requirements or capital resources.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that impact the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Our critical accounting policies are described in the 2021 Form 10-K, and the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in “Part I, Item 1 — Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and incorporated herein by reference.

 

During the three and nine months ended March 31, 2022, there were no material changes to our critical accounting policies from those in the 2021 Form 10-K.

 

Recently issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

For the impact of recently issued accounting pronouncements on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, see Note 3 to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in “Part I, Item 1 — Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and incorporated herein by reference.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information otherwise required under this item.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and have concluded that, based on such evaluation, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2022 as described below.

 

Notwithstanding the conclusion that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of the end of the period covered by this report, we believe that our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and other information contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q present fairly, in all material respects, our business, financial condition and results of operations for the interim periods presented.

 

Material Weakness

 

The Company completed the IPO in December 2020. Prior to the IPO, the Company was a private corporation with limited accounting personnel and other supervisory resources necessary to adequately execute its accounting processes and address its internal controls over financial reporting requirements. As a result, previously existing internal controls are no longer sufficient, and the Company is in the process of updating these controls. The design and implementation of internal control over financial reporting for the Company’s post-IPO has required and will continue to require significant time and resources from management and other personnel.

 

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As part of this updating process, our management identified a material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. The material weakness identified relates to the fact that the Company has not yet designed and maintained an effective control environment commensurate with its financial reporting requirements, including a) has not yet completed the formally documented policies and procedures with respect to the review, supervision and monitoring of the Company’s accounting and reporting functions, b) lack of evidence to support the performance of controls and the adequacy of review procedures, including the completeness and accuracy of information used in the performance of controls and c) we currently have limited accounting personnel and other supervisory resources necessary to adequately execute the Company’s accounting processes and address its internal controls over financial reporting requirements.

 

Remediation Plan

 

Management is committed to continuing with the steps necessary to remediate the control deficiencies that constituted the above material weakness. Since the IPO, we made the following enhancements to our control environment:

 

  a. We added accounting and finance personnel to provide additional individuals to allow for segregation of duties in the preparation and review of schedules, calculations, and journal entries that support financial reporting, to provide oversight, structure and reporting lines, and to provide additional review over our disclosures;
  b. We enhanced our controls to improve the preparation and review over complex accounting measurements, and the application of GAAP to significant accounts and transactions, and our financial statement disclosures; and,
  c. We are in the process of engaging outside consultants to assist us in our evaluation of the design, implementation, and documentation of internal controls that address the relevant risks, and that provide for appropriate evidence of performance of our internal controls (including completeness and accuracy procedures).

 

Under the direction of the audit committee of the board of directors, management will continue to take measures to further remediate the material weakness. As such, we will continue to enhance corporate oversight over process-level controls and structures to ensure that there is appropriate assignment of authority, responsibility, and accountability to enable remediation of our material weakness. We believe that our remediation plan will be sufficient to remediate the identified material weakness and strengthen our internal control over financial reporting.

 

As we continue to evaluate, and work to improve, our internal control over financial reporting, management may determine that additional measures to address control deficiencies or modifications to the remediation plan are necessary.

 

Inherent Limitation on the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

 

The effectiveness of any system of internal control over financial reporting, including ours, is subject to inherent limitations, including the exercise of judgment in designing, implementing, operating, and evaluating the controls and procedures, and the inability to eliminate misconduct completely. Accordingly, in designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any system of internal control over financial reporting, including ours, no matter how well designed and operated, can only provide reasonable, not absolute assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs. Moreover, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. We intend to continue to monitor and upgrade our internal controls as necessary or appropriate for our business but cannot assure you that such improvements will be sufficient to provide us with effective internal control over financial reporting.

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

Other than in connection with the remediation plan described above, there have been no changes to the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d 15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently engaged in any material legal proceedings.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

As of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on September 16, 2021, except for those included below. Any of those risk factors could result in a significant or material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition. Additional risk factors not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business or results of operations. We may disclose changes to such factors or disclose additional factors from time to time in our future filings with the SEC.

 

We could be party to litigation or other legal proceedings that could adversely affect our business, results of operations and reputation.

 

We may be subject to litigation and other legal proceedings that may adversely affect our business. These legal proceedings may involve claims brought by employees, government agencies, suppliers, shareholders or others through private actions, class actions, administrative proceedings, regulatory actions, or other litigation. These legal proceedings may involve allegations of illegal, unfair or inconsistent employment practices, including wage and hour, employment of minors, discrimination, harassment, wrongful termination, and vacation and family leave laws; data security or privacy breaches; violation of the federal securities laws or other concerns.

 

We could be involved in litigation and legal proceedings in the future. Even if the allegations against us in future legal matters are unfounded or we ultimately are not held liable, the costs to defend ourselves may be significant and the litigation may subject us to substantial settlements, fines, penalties or judgments against us and may consume management’s bandwidth and attention, some or all of which may negatively impact our financial condition and results of operations. Litigation also may generate negative publicity, regardless of whether the allegations are valid, or we ultimately are liable, which could damage our reputation, and adversely impact our sales and our relationship with our employees, clients, and guests.

 

Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of Nasdaq could result in a delisting of our common stock, which could negatively impact the market price and liquidity of our common stock and our ability to access the capital markets.

 

On March 17, 2022, GBS Inc. (the “Company”) received a letter (the “Notice”) from the Listing Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) notifying the Company that the minimum closing bid price per share for its common stock was below $1.00 for 30 consecutive business days preceding the date of the Notice, and that the Company did not meet the $1.00 per share minimum bid price requirement set forth in Nasdaq Listing Rule 5450(a)(1).

 

The Notice has no immediate effect on the listing or trading of the Company’s common stock on the Nasdaq Global Market.

 

Pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), the Company has a compliance period of 180 calendar days, or until September 13, 2022 (the “Compliance Period”), to regain compliance with Nasdaq’s minimum bid price requirement. If at any time during the Compliance Period, the closing bid price per share of the Company’s common stock is at least $1.00 for a minimum of 10 consecutive business days, Nasdaq will provide the Company a written confirmation of compliance and the matter will be closed.

 

In the event the Company does not regain compliance by September 13, 2022, the Company may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar day period to regain compliance. To qualify, the Company will be required to submit, no later than the expiration date, a transfer application and applicable fees, and meet the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares and all other initial listing standards, with the exception of the bid price requirement, and will need to provide written notice of its intention to cure the deficiency during the second compliance period by effecting a reverse stock split if necessary. As part of its review process, Nasdaq will make a determination of whether it believes the Company will be able to cure the deficiency. If Nasdaq concludes that the Company will not be able to cure the deficiency, or if the Company determine not to submit a transfer application or make the required representation, Nasdaq will provide notice that the Company’s securities will be subject to delisting. If the Company chooses to implement a reverse stock split, it must complete the split no later than ten business days prior to the expiration of the second compliance period.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the period.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

Exhibit

No.

  Description
31.1#   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2#   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1#   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2#   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS#   Inline XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH#   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL#   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF#   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB#   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE#   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104#   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in XBRL and included in Exhibit 101).

 

# Filed herewith.

 

22

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  GBS Inc.
     
Date: May 16, 2022 By: /s/ Steven Boyages
    STEVEN BOYAGES
    INTERIM CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHAIRMAN
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 16, 2022 By: /s/ Spiro Sakiris
    SPIRO SAKIRIS
    CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
    (Principal Financial Officer)

 

23

 

 

Exhibit 31.1

 

OFFICER’S CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Steve Boyages, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of GBS, Inc.;